Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive back procedure to stop the pain caused by a spinal fracture. Most of the time, a spinal compression fracture occurs in the spinal vertebrae which has been weakened by Osteoporosis. The main goal of Kyphoplasty is to relieve pain from the patient, stabilize the vertebrae, and restore it to its normal height.
This procedure starts with the patient lying face down and the surgeon inserting a small half-inch incision in the affected area. The surgeon uses X-Ray vision to insert a narrow tube through the pedicle on only one side of the impacted vertebrae.
Kyphoplasty works hand and hand with Vertebroplasty, which is a process of inserting a cement mixture called PMMA into the bone to give it strength and to restore its height. Kyphoplasty makes room for Vertebroplasty. The surgeon and the patient can choose a Balloon Kyphoplasty, Net or Ball as a tamp cavity for PMMA.
PMMA is used to restoring and repairing affected vertebras. After the surgeon created the cavity and inserts PMMA, it hardens quickly and serves as a cast inside of the vertebrae. Dependent on the severity of the case, this process might be repeated on both sides of the fractured vertebrae.
The surgeon then closes the incision and waits approximately 5 minutes for the PMMA bone cement to harden. The entire procedure can take roughly an hour for each vertebra.
Since this is a minimally invasive surgery, recovery time is limited. In many successful cases, the patient can return home after the procedure and feel immediate relief the same day to two days post-surgery.
This procedure is best suited for those whose bones have been weakened by cancer or Osteoporosis, patients experiencing painful spinal deformities or recent compression fractures. Kyphoplasty should be completed within 8 weeks of when the fracture occurred to ensure the highest probability of restoring its full height.